Eco-Nutrition

I teach a class called Eco-Nutrition at the Canadian School of Natural Nutrition. Here are some readings and viewings you might like to explore which expand upon themes in the course.

This is a slide from the third class, about the people who inspire us (click on each photo to go to a website or video to learn more about them)


Books (support your local independent bookstore!)


Blaser, Martin. Missing Microbes: How the Over-use of Antibiotics is Fuelling Our Modern Plagues. (2014) Enlightening discussion of the human microbiome, antibiotic resistance, obesity, GERD and why H.Pylori might not be 100% enemy.

Blythman, Joanna. Swallow This: Serving Up the Food Industry’s Darkest Secrets. (2015) Guardian investigative journalist reveals interesting ingredients in processed foods (and less obvious foods such as fresh fruit salads). Preview, discussing “unprocessed foods” here.

Boyd, David. The Optimistic Environmentalist. (2015) Discusses a range of environmental successes to show us we’re making progress and solving environmental problems, and have the power to make positive change.

Collen, Alanna. 10% Human: How Your Body’s Microbes Hold the Key to Health and Happiness (2015) All about the microbiome.

Grossman, Elizabeth. Chasing Molecules: Poisonous products, human health and the promise of green chemistry. (2009) Looks at the hazardous chemistry of everyday things, including a hefty chapter on nanotechnology, and how green chemistry may be able to make positive change.

Hart, Robert. Forest Gardening: Cultivating an Edible Landscape. (1991) About growing food in a perennial forest garden; as discussed in the film A Farm for the Future.

Hawken, Paul. Blessed Unrest: How the Largest Movement In the World Came Into Being & Why No One Saw it Coming. (2007) A leading environmentalist and social activist’s examination of the worldwide movement for social and environmental change.

Hewitt, Ben. The Town that Food Saved: How one community found vitality in local food. (2009) Thoughtful look at positive social change in a Vermont town whose population makes their living from local food.

Katz, Sandor Ellix. The Revolution Will Not Be Microwaved: Inside America’s Underground Food Movements. (2006)  Who’s doing what to make the world a better place.

Keith, Lierre. The Vegetarian Myth. (2009) Sustainability and our food supply; detailed discussion of agriculture’s impact on the environment; vegan/vegetarian nutritional issues.

Kennedy, David. Eat Your Greens: The Surprising Power of Home Grown Leaf Crops. (2014) Why consumers should grow their own greens to support an inadequate food system.

Mancuso, Stefano & Alessandra Viola. Brilliant Green: The Surprising History & Science of Plant Intelligence. (2015) How we have overlooked the intelligence and sentience of plants, and why that matters.

McAdam, Rhona. Digging the City: An Urban Agriculture Manifesto. (2012) Food security in Canada and what urban agriculture has to say about that.

Miller, Daphne. Farmacology: Total Health from the Ground Up. (2013) Readable and well-considered journey of discovery by an MD looking at food, farming and health.

Mintzberg, Henry. Rebalancing Society: Radical Renewal Beyond Left, Right and Center. (2015) (free download as a pdf pamphlet, 2014) How individuals have been enslaved and exploited by corporation culture, and how to rebalance society.

Mollison, Bill. Introduction to Permaculture. [2009] A digitized pamphlet that does what it says in the title!

Ohlson, Kristin. The Soil Will Save Us : How Scientists, Farmers, and Foodies Are Healing the Soil to Save the Planet (2014) Includes a visit and interview with Allan Savory; good discussion of holistic grazing.

Robinson, Jo. Eating on the Wild Side (2013) eatwild.com/jo.html How nutrition was bred out of foods by thousands of years of agriculture, and how to make better nutritional choices (buying, growing, eating and storing) in familiar fruits and vegetables.

Rodale’s Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening. Recommended by Thomas J. Pawlick as a gardening guide.

Salatin, Joel. Folks, This Ain’t Normal. (2012) www.folksthisaintnormal.com/ How to use the lessons of the past to make a better future, by the entertaining & outspoken “grass farmer” made famous by Michael Pollen (and Food, Inc.)

Schatzker, Mark. The Dorito Effect. (2015) Why flavour makes nutritional sense, and how to make better choices.

Schumacher, E.F. Small Is Beautiful: A Study of Economics As If People Mattered. (1973) Sadly never out of date, this collection of essays addresses the impossibility of infinite growth and argues for sustainable development. Available to read online.

Singer, Peter. The Way We Eat: Why our food choices matter. (2006) The ethics of food choices.

Solomon, Steve. The Intelligent Gardener: Growing Nutrient-Dense Food. (2013) How to manage your soil for more nutritious crops.

Stella Natura. Annual calendar: biodynamic planting charts plus essays; proceeds fund a biodynamic-oriented intentional community in Pennsylvania that includes adults with developmental disabilities.

Tasch, Woody. Inquiries into the Nature of Slow Money: Investing as if Food, Farms, and Fertility Mattered. (2010) Inspired by the ideas in EF Schumacher’s Small Is Beautiful (see above)

Warner, Melanie. Pandora’s Lunchbox: How Processed Food Took Over the American Meal. (2013) Exploration of the health effects of fast and processed foods commonly eaten in North America: the conflict between convenience and nutrition.

Williams, Florence. Breasts: A Natural and Unnatural History. (2012) Why are pesticides and environmental toxins showing up in breast milk, why do girls hit puberty as young as 7 in North America, why is the incidence of breast cancer (in men as well as women) on the increase, and why doesn’t science and medicine understand this essential organ better?


Research sources: Articles/Journals/Magazines/Reports/Factsheets/Websites


Acrylamide

Acrylamide in Food and Cancer Risk U.S. National Cancer Institute
cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/diet/acrylamide-fact-sheet

Survey Data on Acrylamide in Food: Individual Food Products  U.S. FDA
fda.gov/food/foodborneillnesscontaminants/chemicalcontaminants

Additives

Food Additives in Canada List of Permitted Food Additives with Other Generally Accepted Uses hc-sc.gc.ca/

Agriculture / Farming / Farming Alternatives

Agricultural Land Reserve British Columbia’s land-use zoning to protect farmland alc.gov.bc.ca/alc/

Agriculture in Canada,” a 2014 study in Human Activity and the Environment. statcan.gc.ca/

Agroecology Can agroecology save us from ‘scorched-earth’ agriculture?
t
heecologist.org/News/news_analysis/

Aquaculture Canadian Organic Seafood – an article discussing the 2012 regulations working their way into the Safe Food for Canadians act, which will allow seafood to be certified.
magazine.cog.ca/article/canadian-organic-seafood/

Aquaponics Aquaponics brings fish-fuelled vegetables to Toronto
thestar.com/news/gta/2014/01/03/aquaponics_brings_fishfuelled_vegetables_to_tor.html

Demographic Changes in Canadian Agriculture statcan.gc.ca/

Farm Size – Canada Canadian farmers prove size doesn’t matter.
theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/

Farmland Ownership Is it time to relax land ownership restrictions? producer.com/2015/02/

Forest Gardening Forest garden bearing fruit as both food producer, water filter bayjournal.com/

Island Grains Website describing a local grain-growing project in the Cowichan Valley www.islandgrains.com/

Regenerative Agriculture Could This be an Answer to Big Food fortune.com/2015/02/23/

Rooftop Gardening Santropol Roulant, Montreal santropolroulant.org/what-we-do/

Soil Health Ploughing on Regardless (2015) monbiot.com/2015/03/25//

SPIN Farming Pedal power takes Kelowna farmer’s crops to market (2011)  theglobeandmail.com/news

Antibiotic Resistance

Infographic Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cdc.gov/foodsafety/

In fast foods Which fast food chains serve meat on drugs? A new report grades restaurants on their meat and poultry antibiotic policies (September 2015) consumersunion.org/2015/09/

Use on Animals: Essential Oils Might Be the New Antibiotics (January 2015)
theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/01/Antibiotic use in food fuels resistance to vital drugs (intensive pig farming & antibiotic-resistant MRSA; includes video) (December 2015) 
theguardian.com/society/2015/dec/08/

In Soil Bacteria Influence of Soil Use on Prevalence of Tetracycline, Streptomycin, and Erythromycin Resistance and Associated Resistance Genes (from Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, December 2011) asm.org/images/Communications/tips/2012/

Cystitis How Your Chicken Dinner Is Creating a Drug-Resistant Superbug theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/07

Use in Agriculture Health Canada’s quiet move to end use of antibiotics to fatten up animals (2014) cbc.ca/news/health/

Arsenic

In Food in Canada inspection.gc.ca/food/

In Rice: How much arsenic is in your rice? Consumer Reports’ new data and guidelines are important for everyone but especially for gluten avoiders (November 2014) consumerreports.org/

Cooking Rice: Nature magazine reported that a coffee pot works well for cooking rice in a way that removes arsenic. nature.com/news/

Biodiversity

Farms without Wildlife Don’t Produce Safer Food (August 2015) civileats.com

Harvesting the Research: Agricultural Intensification Threatens Soil Biodiversity (September 2015) foodtank.com/news/2015/09/

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) & Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD)

Number of reported cases excluding UK oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/

Mad Cow Disease and Canada’s Cattle Industry (2005) parl.gc.ca/

Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy emedicine.medscape.com/

Bromide / Bromate

Consumer Group Calls for Ban On “Flour Improver” – Potassium Bromate Termed a Cancer Threat cspinet.org/new/bromate.html

Chemicals

Toxipedia toxipedia.org/

Civil Eats

Website promoting critical thought about sustainable agriculture and food systems civileats.com/

Climate Change

Increasing CO2 threatens human nutrition nature.com/

Dairy Industry / Milk Products

Green Dairy How a Cow Can Help the Climate takepart.com/

Modified Milk Ingredients/Milk Proteins Milking meaning from the ingredients label cbc.ca/news/ [2010]

Dioxins

A Primer on Dioxins flora.org/healthyottawa/ (note: 2, 4-D =  has been added to glyphosate and approved for use in Canada as Enlist Duo, due to the proliferation of Roundup-resistant weeds)

WHO Factsheet who.int/mediacentre/

Health Canada factsheet hc-sc.gc.ca/

The Ecologist: covers environment, climate change, farming, energy, food, health, green living, eco-friendly products theecologist.org/

Food Safety & Health

Consumer Attitudes toward Food Safety, Nutrition and Health (American, 2012) foodinsight.org/2012_Food_Health_Survey

Farms without wildlife don’t produce safer food (August 2015) civileats.com

Food Waste

Denmark wages war on food waste (September 2015) grist.org/news/

France to force big supermarkets to give unsold food to charities (May 2015). theguardian.com/world/2015/may22

Glyphosate (Roundup)

Antibiotic resistance mbio.asm.org
Antimicrobial www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
Breast milk momsacrossamerica.com/glyphosate_testing
Endocrine disruptor ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
Glutathione depletion ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
Toxicity to human cells ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
“Seralini Rat Study” enveurope.com

Stephanie Seneff: slides, research into glyphosate (& much else) people.csail.mit.edu/seneff/ (for glyphosate, statins, see Weston A Price conference slides November 2014)

Use as a desiccant on cereal crops in Canada (since 1992) publications.gc.ca/

World Health Organization’s monograph on Glyphosate, explaining why it is deemed a probable carcinogen, with links to Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/

GMO/Genetic Engineering/Transgenics

CBAN – Canadian Biotechnology Action Network cban.ca/

GMO Labelling: (U.S.A.) State Labeling Legislation Map salsa3.salsalabs.com/

Roundup Séralini Study: Long-term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize enveurope.com/content/26/1/14

Greenwashing

Spinning Food: a report on the PR tactics being used to convince consumers that industrial agricultural practices are safe and harmless (June 2015). FOE_SpinningFoodReport_14.pdf

Marketing Boards / Canadian Wheat Board

Marketing Boards in Canada 5 reasons to defend farm marketing boards cbc.ca/news/politics/ [2012]

Meat Production; Livestock Management

Enhanced Meat npr.org/sections/health-shots/2011/07/22

Hormones Used in Animal Production www.fao.org/

Livestock Management to Reverse Desertification Cows Can Save the World www.rangemagazine.com/

Nanotechnology

An inventory of nanotechnology-based consumer products introduced on the market nanotechproject.org

Nanoparticles: Panacea or Pandora’s box? davidsuzuki.org/blogs/ [2014]

Nanoparticle Toxicity: Nanomaterials and nanoparticles: Sources and toxicity arxiv.org/ [2007]

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

One of the known causes is fire retardants (PBDEs). Global Incidence of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (& other cancer stats) (2011) www.roche.com/backgrounder_epidemiology_of_cancer.pdf Another link was found by the WHO, with glyphosate (see above) and the Swedish decision to ban sewage sludge from agricultural use after their findings is discussed in the NFB film Crapshoot, below.

Nutrient Content/Decline

Nutrient Decline in Fruits, Vegetables: the article cited by Pawlick (André Picard, Globe & Mail, July 2002) theglobeandmail.com/life/

Nutrient Decline in Vegetables Dirt Poor: Have Fruits and Vegetables Become Less Nutritious? scientificamerican.com [2011] and the study they cite: Changes in USDA food composition data for 43 garden crops, 1950 to 1999 [2004].

Nutrient Loss Canadian Study Reports Significant Losses of Vitamins and Minerals in Many Fruits and Vegetables During the Last 50 Years newhealthbasics.com/ [I believe this research was done in 2002]

Nutritional Content, Measured by Brix (Refractometer) jonrowley.com/2010/09/06/tomatochallenge/

Organics

In Canada: Canadian Organic Growers (COG) – anyone can join and support their work. www.cog.ca/

Organic vs Conventional Food: Higher antioxidant and lower cadmium concentrations and lower incidence of pesticide residues in organically grown crops: a systematic literature review and meta-analyses. (British Journal of Nutrition, 2014) www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24968103

Organic Certification in Canada Canadian Organic Regulations www.cog.ca/index.php?page=organic-regulations

Organic Foods vs Conventional: Higher antioxidant and lower cadmium concentrations and lower incidence of pesticide residues in organically grown crops: a systematic literature review and meta-analyses (2014) www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24968103

Organic Fertilizers Urine: Closing the NPK loop. (2011) permaculturenews.org/2011/11/27/urine-closing-the-npk-loop/

Permaculture

A good starting point to learn more about it www.permaculture.org.uk/

Permaculture The Permaculture Movement Grows From Underground www.nytimes.com/2011/07/28/garden/permaculture-emerges-from-the-underground.html

Pesticides

What are they and how do they work? www.epa.nsw.gov.au/pesticides/pestwhatrhow.htm

Link to Melanoma in farm workers who apply pesticides www.scientificamerican.com/article/farm-pesticides-linked-to-skin-cancer/

PAN Pesticides Database: (includes information on known and suspected toxicity) www.pesticideinfo.org/Search_Chemicals.jsp

Pesticides Systemic Pesticides Aren’t On Your Food — They’re In It www.huffingtonpost.ca/brent-preston/pesticides-systemics_b_7252650.html

Roundup Séralini Study: Long-term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize www.enveurope.com/content/26/1/14

Seed Saving/Seed Sovereignty

Community Seed Banks: What they are, how to set one up exchange.seedsavers.org/storage/….pdf

Seed Security: Food Ark (2011) http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/07/food-ark/siebert-text

Sewage

Sewage Sludge (Biosolids) in Canadian agriculture: Canadian Biosolids Legislation www.cwwa.ca/biosolids_legislation_e.asp

Sewage Sludge (Biosolids) – emerging concerns: Organic contaminants in sewage sludge (biosolids) and their significance for agricultural recycling (2009) rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/367/1904/4005

Slow Food: www.slowfood.com

Slow Money: slowmoney.org/

Small Farm Canada smallfarmcanada.ca/

Taste

The Science of Taste: special issue of Flavour journal (January 2015) www.flavourjournal.com/series/the_science_of_taste

The Pleasures of Eating Influential and inspiring essay by farmer-activist-poet Wendell Berry www.ecoliteracy.org/article/wendell-berry-pleasures-eating

Trans Fats

Trans-Fats Trans-fat consumption linked to memory declines in adults (2014) www.foodnavigator.com/Science/Trans-fat-consumption-linked-to-memory-declines-in-adults

Triclosan & Antibacterial Chemicals

Triclosan ban FDA Bans 19 Chemicals Used In Antibacterial Soaps http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/09/02/492394717/fda-bans-19-chemicals-used-in-antibacterial-soaps

Urban Farming

Urban Farm Magazine www.urbanfarmonline.com/

UN’s Food & Agriculture Association (FAO) Urban Agriculture page urban-agriculture/en/

Urban farms now produce 1/5 of the world’s food (2015) urban-farms-now-produce-15-worlds-food


Film/Video & Audio


24 TED  Talks that will Help Save the Food System. Check ’em out.

A Chemical Reaction facebook.com/ChemReact Documentary about the town of Hudson, Quebec, which was the first to ban cosmetic pesticides, against the strength of chemical industry legal challenges.

Advice for Farmers (& other people!) – Mary Berry’s keynote from Slow Money 2014 youtube.com/

Antibiotics in Intensive Pig Farming => Antibiotic Resistance in Humans theguardian.com/society/2015/dec/08/

The Archers bbc.co.uk/programmes/ BBC Radio’s long-running (60 years) agricultural radio soap, created to inform the British public about farming issues.

Crapshoot: The Gamble with our Wastes nfb.ca/film/ Important NFB film (2003) that explains, among other things, the toxins (including flame retardants) that we are circulating through the food system by using sewage sludge as fertilizer on commercial crops.

Labeling GMO Groceries nytimes.com/video/science/

Mr Seed (“The seed with the dirty mouth”) seedmatters.org/

Preserve Biodiversity, Preserve the Planet (Slow Food) youtube.com/watch?v=JvNG986_3RU

Vandana Shiva on The Future of Food (3 parts)
part 1: GMOs: youtube.com/
part 2: Biodiversity: youtube.com/
part 3: Organic farming: youtube.com/

Mary Berry’s Lists (Rules for living: What Young Farmers Need to Know) from her keynote address to Slow Money conference. www.youtube.com/

Money & Politics: CBC interview (May 2015) with Henry Mintzberg who has a vision for making a new social, economic and political equilibrium, one that would benefit people, the planet and the political process itself.

Monsanto & Roundup: Why Are We Being Fed by a Poison Expert? theguardian.com/science/video/2015/jun/04/

Dr Terry Wahls: GMOs, Cholesterol & The Microbiome: Interview with Sean Croxton, Underground Wellness Radio blogtalkradio.com/undergroundwellness/

Indigenous Organic Agriculture DocumentaryThe Great Laws of Nature youtube.com/

Joel Salatin – Polyface Farm: Joel Salatin discusses how his family makes a good living without resorting to “chemical farming” youtube.com/

Natural Food youtube.com/ Amusing and helpful look at greenwashing.

The Salton Sea: a couple of wildly different takes on this man-made desert sea in central California, fed largely by agricultural run-off: The Accidental Sea (6.36 mins) youtube.com/ and The Enigma of the Salton Sea (8.49 mins) youtube.com/

Seeds of Time: about the importance of biodiversity in times of climate change and other risks to agriculture. (Also includes history and purpose of the Svalbard Global Seed Vaultseedsoftimemovie.com/


Some People


Will Allen, Growing Power, Milwaukee. Urban agriculture, composting, education. www.growingpower.org/
Wendell Berry. Read his essay The Pleasures of Eating, which includes 7 valuable steps we can all take to eat better. www.ecoliteracy.org/essays/pleasures-eating
Barry Estabrook: blog Politics of the Plate politicsoftheplate.com/
Linda Gilkeson, Salt SpringIsland. Gardening author, speaker, teacher, year-round gardening and organic pest control. www.lindagilkeson.ca/
Arzeena Hamir Amara Farm, Courtenay. Farmer, food activist. twitter.com/arzeena
Lana Popham, MLA, Saanich South. Farmer politician. twitter.com/lanapopham
Joel Salatin, Polyface Farm, Virginia Farmer, speaker, author, pasture management, meat farming. www.polyfacefarms.com/
Allan Savory, Boulder CO. Speaker on restoring deserts through cattle grazing and land management (see his TED talk) savory.global/
Vandana Shiva, India. Founder of Navdanya; powerful speaker, author on biodiversity, food security and food sovereignty; big in Slow Food International www.navdanya.org/


Some Organizations


BC Association of Farmers Markets www.bcfarmersmarket.org
CBAN – Canadian Biotechnology Action Network www.cban.ca
Center for Science in the Public Interest www.cspinet.org/canada
COG – Canadian Organic Growers www.cog.ca
Farm Folk, City Folk www.farmfolkcityfolk.ca
Farm Fresh – guide to Island farms and markets www.islandfarmfresh.com
Gabriola Organization for Agricultural Liberty (GOAL) – Eric Veale’s ag/food security research www.goal-2025.com
Gaia College – classroom and online courses in organic growing: gaiacollege.ca
GRAIN – nonprofit concerned with food security www.grain.org
Haliburton Community Organic Farm www.haliburtonfarm.org
Hutchings Bee Service – entomologist: native pollinator expert sites.google.com/site/hutchingsbeeservice/home
Nanoose Edibles Farm www.nanooseediblesfarm.com
Navdanya – seed security (India) – Vandana Shiva www.navdanya.org/home
Permaculture Principles permacultureprinciples.com/
Pesticide-Free BC www.pesticidefreebc.org/
Saanich Native Plants Certified organic native plant nursery www.saanichnativeplants.com
Seeds of Diversity www.seeds.ca/
Slow Food International slowfood.com/
Slow Food Vancouver Island & Gulf Islands www.slowisland.ca/
Young Agrarians youngagrarians.org/

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